Verdant Victorian: Garden Room House

This deliberately restrained addition to a Victorian terrace by Clare Cousins Architects – which replaces an oversized faux period structure – revolves around a central courtyard to create a verdant haven in Melbourne’s inner north.

Standing in the backyard of Clare Cousins Architects’ Garden Room House on a sunny summer’s day, you could easily feel as if you’re in subtropical Queensland. The white-brick rear elevation gleams against a backdrop of a cloudless mid-afternoon sky, with the sun’s rays ricocheting off the pool’s surface. But this is inner-suburban Fitzroy North in Melbourne. The house is surrounded by heritage terraces and the odd Edwardian mansion.

The original front of the house – a double-fronted heritage Victorian – faces onto Edinburgh Gardens, a large park within a tightly gridded urban setting. In some ways, Garden Room House is its own verdant haven in one of the most sought-after pockets of Melbourne. It uses its large but hemmed-in site to its advantage, creating a close relationship between the garden and the dwelling.

Generous, strategically placed glazing contributes to warm and light interiors throughout.

Generous, strategically placed glazing contributes to warm and light interiors throughout.

Image: Tess Kelly

Clare Cousins Architects designed an addition to the original four-room Victorian that replaces an oversized double-storey faux period structure built in the 1980s. The new addition is single level and smaller than the previous. It continues the central corridor of the original house, leaving front rooms largely intact, albeit with a series of small interventions such as a new ensuite and a vivid Victorian blue powder room. The sight line from the front door through the new addition terminates at a wall, like a fullstop at the end of a sentence. But the variegated light and shadows on the surfaces hint at a continuing narrative.

In the backyard, the ground plane steps up dramatically. The rise from the front of the site to the back is two metres. The architects created a series of brick plinths and stairs that traverse the landscape. “Our strategy was to help gently navigate the topography of the site and also create opportunities for perching and resting,” says architect Clare Cousins.

The topography of the landscape is mimicked in the rear facade’s stepped rectilinear form. Its crisp geometry is reinforced in the use of the stack bond brick pattern. “We wanted to reference the orthogonal shape of the back elevation rather than using traditional brick bond,” says Clare. Behind this stepped facade, a raking ceiling over the kitchen and dining area creates contrast against the adjacent, more intimate lounge area.

The courtyard that gives the house its name acts as a centralized lung to ventilate the house.

The courtyard that gives the house its name acts as a centralized lung to ventilate the house.

Image: Tess Kelly

Back inside, the new addition is arranged like an extrapolation of a four-room Victorian house, with zones rather than rooms. From the central spine, four new zones branch out: a lounge area, a kitchen and dining area, two children’s bedrooms behind a wall of oak timber panelling, and a courtyard or garden room that lends this house its name. The insertion of the courtyard erodes what would otherwise be a typical Victorian, cellular arrangement.

Although the Victorian influence can be detected in the home’s DNA, the character of the home is decidedly un-Victorian. The ceiling in the lounge area is lowered, but with the floor-to-ceiling windows orientated toward the northern sun, it creates a warm, light interior in contrast to the rooms of the original house. The round column at the corner is an often-used structural device whose lineage can be traced to Mies van der Rohe’s Barcelona Pavilion.

The courtyard is the keystone that makes the elements of the house coalesce, or as the architects describe, “it acts as a centralized lung to ventilate the house.” Just like an internal room, it has contained edges defined by a brickwall threshold and the house that surrounds it. The barbecue structure is distinctly fireplace-like. A raised terracotta brick ledge between inside and outside doubles as bench seating around an outdoor dining table. At the north-eastern end, an extended eave creates an undercover area for seating. “I do love a generous eave,” says Clare. “There’s something practical about being able to leave shoes [outside] or sit out here undercover, but still really feel like you’re outside.”

A series of brick plinths and stairs traverse the backyard’s steeply rising landscape.

A series of brick plinths and stairs traverse the backyard’s steeply rising landscape.

Image: Tess Kelly

The garden room also provides a visual connection all the way through the rear of the house into the backyard. On the opposite side to the lounge is a study for one of the owners, who is a writer. From her desk, she can look through the courtyard and lounge room and supervise the children playing in the backyard. In fact, wherever you look in this house, there is a view to the greenery outside. This is a deliberate strategy to make the addition feel larger than it is, despite its reduced size comparative to its predecessor.

“For us, there is always consideration of how to draw the occupant’s eye out and give a sense of being immersed in landscape,” says Clare. “Even when we’re building in close proximity to boundary walls or fences, creating a garden vista pulls your eye out. These internal spaces aren’t huge. But they borrow from the space outside.”

Products and materials

Lysaght Trimdek in Colorbond ‘Surfmist’
External walls
Bowral dry-pressed brick in ‘Chillingham White’
Internal walls
European oak engineered lining boards
Viridian LightBridge glazing
Custom oak door pulls
Fibonacci Stone terrazzo tiles; Austral Bricks Nubrik paving brick in ‘Acland Cream’
Douglas and Bec Line wall light; Anna Charlesworth brass wall sconce; Muuto Fluid pendant; Artemide Discuri 14 wall/ceiling light; Nemo Lighting Potence Pivotante wall light; vintage kitchen pendants; general lighting from Ambience Lighting
Eco Outdoor Cotto glazed wall tiles in ‘Seafoam’; Carrara marble benchtop; linished brass benchtop; Qasair integrated rangehood; Astra Walker tapware; Fisher and Paykel integrated fridge and DishDrawer dishwasher
Bisazza glass mosaic wall tiles; Perini wall tiles; Astra Walker fittings; Kaldewei undermount bath; Carrara marble vanities
Heating and cooling
Escea freestanding gas fireplace; DeLonghi hydronic radiator panels
External elements
Austral Bricks Nubrik paving brick in ‘Acland Cream’; Fisher and Paykel integrated barbecue
Made Measure saddle leather joinery handles


Clare Cousins Architects
Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Project Team
Clare Cousins
Builder Provan Built
Engineer Co-Struct
Landscape architect Eckersley Garden Architecture
Site Details
Location Melbourne,  Vic
Site type Urban
Site area 766 m2
Building area 288 m2
Project Details
Status Built
Design, documentation 14 months
Construction 12 months
Category Residential
Type Alts and adds



Published online: 4 Dec 2018
Words: Linda Cheng
Images: Tess Kelly


Houses, October 2018

Related topics

More projects

See all
Cantala Avenue House by ME. ‘A mini urban landscape’: Cantala Avenue House

A nuanced understanding of the Gold Coast’s colourful heritage, as well as its local quirks and character, is embedded in this neighbourly family home.

The modest brick home ads to the heritage character of the suburb. Simple yet sculptural: Marine

This rear addition to a heritage cottage on a raised corner block in Fremantle sits in harmony with the existing structure and enhances its cherished …

AIDA Show and Tell with Hassell: Di Stasio Citta AIDA Show and Tell with Hassell: Di Stasio Citta

This new video series celebrates the winners of the 2020 Australian Interior Design Awards.

Invisible House by Peter Stutchbury Architecture. Talking Houses with Peter Stutchbury:
Invisible House

In this instalment of the Talking Houses video series, Peter Stutchbury heads back to the breathtaking landscape that inspired the 2014 Australian House of the …

Most read

Latest on site