Upward spiral: Fitzroy Terrace

An intuitive design response by Adrian Amore Architects creates a geometric centrepiece for this terrace house renovation, with a stair that functions as much more than just vertical circulation.

Architect Adrian Amore doesn’t do things by halves. The voluptuous curves of his Loft Apartment, winner of multiple awards including the Apartment or Unit category of the 2014 Houses Awards, demonstrated his strong grasp of geometry and dramatic spatial manipulation. At this terrace house renovation in Melbourne’s inner north, Adrian has applied these skills to the common problems associated with these narrow, poorly lit and poorly ventilated homes. Originally built in the 1970s, the Fitzroy Terrace was in very poor condition and needed more than just tender loving care – it needed almost a complete rebuild.

Only three structural walls of the original building remain. The street facade has been rendered and painted white and the two walls that contain the front bedroom have been retained and resurfaced. With a relatively clean slate to work from, Adrian still had to deal with the shortcomings of a narrow terrace house site and he has done this in almost one clean swoop, using a faceted spiral staircase that punches through a void and is located adjacent to a light well. This creates an architectural volume that spreads natural light throughout both levels and doesn’t take anything away from the limited floor area. Despite it being one of the more expensive options presented to the clients, they completely embraced the idea.

The external form is shaped by setback requirements in order to maximize floor area on the upper level.

The external form is shaped by setback requirements in order to maximize floor area on the upper level.

Image: Fraser Marsden

Of the stair’s geometric form, Adrian says, “Design is always an intuitive thing for me.” The design evolved from a smooth spiral into a faceted form – and then continued to be developed throughout the structural process. Originally the idea was to have the geometric surfaces plastered over a steel frame, but the fabricators made it work (surprisingly within budget) using just steel plates. The stair became a mathematical dilemma that would have stumped many, but Adrian rose to the challenge. “It was very difficult to work out all the angles as the space is tiny – the stair void is only 1.5 metres wide at the top.” For the design of the black steel handrail, Adrian put together a rough sketch for the fabricators. Welders then put the pieces together as he designed it, as a physical object, in the factory. This hands-on approach shows how this object has been treated as a piece of artwork – a centrepiece for the home.

Adjacent to a light well, the staircase spreads natural light throughout both levels.

Adjacent to a light well, the staircase spreads natural light throughout both levels.

Image: Fraser Marsden

The stair sits between the kitchen and the rest of the open-plan living area, adding another function to this object, that of a room divider. The living area opens out to a small courtyard at the rear of the property, but receives its impression of more space via the double-height void through which the stair spirals. The angles of the stairwell are cleverly reflected throughout the home, with angled window frames and joinery, a stretched, pentagonal kitchen island bench and a triangular window on the first floor.

The external form of the addition is shaped by local setback requirements in order to maximize floor space on the upper level. The close proximity of neighbouring properties in a row of terrace houses is often a difficult constraint to work with – particularly regarding the balance of access to natural light and the protection of privacy. For the design of the Fitzroy Terrace, Adrian paid close attention to this balance using screening, frosted glazing and strategically placed windows, as in the light well where the bottom level of glazing is transparent, while the upper level is frosted for privacy.

With one of the original two bedrooms replaced by a new kitchen, ensuite and powder room on the ground floor, two new bedrooms have been added on the first floor – one at each end of the void. A laundry is located behind a hidden door that runs along the circulation space between the two bedrooms. This upper-level circulation bridge sits within the void created by the stair, borrowing light and space to make this area feel bigger than it actually is.

The angles of the stair are carried throughout the home, including in the kitchen joinery.

The angles of the stair are carried throughout the home, including in the kitchen joinery.

Image: Fraser Marsden

For such an intuitive designer, trusting clients make the process much more rewarding for both parties – as Adrian says, “Clients get the best out of me if they trust my instinct.” The clients for the Fitzroy Terrace have owned the house since the early 1980s and it has since been rented. Structural issues prompted the clients to make the decision to engage an architect, but they always intended to remain in their home a bit further out of Melbourne and continue to rent the property after the work was done – an easy thing to do in such a desirable pocket of Melbourne.

The terrace house is a good model for compact, sustainable living in inner-city suburbs and there are lots of reasons to adapt them to suit the Australian climate and living patterns. Although there is a consistent set of problems associated with terrace houses, architects continue to come up with fresh solutions to these challenges and Adrian’s intuitive approach to the design of the Fitzroy Terrace is a great example of this.

Products and materials

Lysaght Longline 305 roof decking in Colorbond ‘Monument’.
External walls
Fielders Finesse Nailstrip in Colorbond ‘Monument’; Equitone Linea LT20 fibre cement panels.
Internal walls
CSR Gyprock plasterboard in Dulux ‘White on White’ and ‘Black’.
Windows and doors
Skyrange Windows steel-framed windows and doors in Porter’s Paints Industrial Lustre ‘Base Metal’; Assa Abloy door hardware.
Woodcut Premium Engineered Timber Flooring oak floorboards.
Reggiani Sunny LED track lights and surface downlights, and adjustable slot LED recessed downlights, all from Euroluce.
Honed Carrara marble from CDK Stone; stainless steel benchtops; cabinets in black, low-sheen 2-pac finish; Dorf sink mixer and AFA Vertus sink, both from Reece.
Academy Tiles Triangle gloss white wall tiles; honed Carrara marble from CDK Stone; Studio Bagno Pixel 49 wall basin, Caroma undermount bath and Kado Lux Back to Wall toilet, all from Reece.
Heating and cooling
Mitsubishi ducted airconditioning; Interior Solutions roller blinds and external canopy.
Grey granite cobblestones from Slate Discounts.
Furniture supplied by Stylecraft.


Adrian Amore Architects
Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Project Team
Adrian Amore
Builder TCM Building Group
Engineer Beattie Consulting Engineers
Glazing engineer Derek Kinsella, Engineering Elements
Stair engineer Derek Kinsella, Engineering Elements
Stair fabricator Amore Engineering
Site details
Location Melbourne,  Vic,  Australia
Site type Suburban
Site area 135 m2
Building area 137 m2
Category Residential
Type New house, Refurbishment, Residential
Project Details
Status Built
Completion date 2014
Design, documentation 6 months



Published online: 17 Mar 2017
Words: Katelin Butler
Images: Fraser Marsden


Houses, December 2016

Related topics

More projects

See all
Comprised of varied shed-like spaces, North Melbourne House is personalized by the texture and colour of everyday objects. Sheds for sharing: North Melbourne House

Seizing an opportunity to build on an empty neighbouring block, the owners of a worker’s cottage in North Melbourne (with the help of NMBW Architecture …

A painting studio located in the building undercroft is accessed via a double-height landing that opens to the backyard. Protect and preserve: K & T’s Place

Preserving the qualities of one of the few remaining Queenslanders in a South Brisbane neighbourhood, this addition comprises screened outdoor rooms that mitigate the increasingly …

The bound pages of books in a study space sit against a transluscent wall. Artwork: Bill Henson A future ruin in the garden: Almora House

Edged by an established garden and crowned by an undulating concrete roof-form, this home for collectors on Sydney’s North Shore is a carefully cultivated expression …

A long gable over the northern wing connects the new living spaces and directs sight lines toward the river. Verandah living: Brisbane Riverbank House

Set above the bends of the Brisbane River and informed by the material qualities of the existing 1930s cottage, a new brick and timber living …

Most read

Latest on site