Monastic modesty: Surry Hills House

This refurbishment of a narrow terrace house by Benn and Penna Architecture presents the client with a light-filled, monastic and disciplined setting for life to unfold.

Very small-scale work – the modest refurbishment of narrow terraces in dense, city-fringe areas – is the grounding for many architects in their earliest days of practice. These sorts of projects are then eschewed for grander (at least physically wider) work as the firm develops.

But the very restricted scope and palette of these constrained projects, and the volume of mediocre solutions, mean that this genre remains a litmus test for a clever architect and an enthused client. The prevailing real estate conditions mean that clients are now, more than ever, willing to invest time and money in precise solutions for the property they have increased equity in but now don’t wish to leave.

The original part of the house, comprising the ground floor, has been reimagined as a single long volume.

The original part of the house, comprising the ground floor, has been reimagined as a single long volume.

Image: Tom Ferguson

The Surry Hills House by Benn and Penna Architecture is an example of such a project. The existing terrace is narrow, with rear spaces facing south toward the dishevelled back walls of adjacent galleries and warehouses. At best, the “views” are glimpses over pocket-sized adjacent courtyards. Yet the determination of both the client and the architects has resulted in a surprising solution.

The layout and premise of the project are simple – the old house remains, with two open rooms made into one volume downstairs and a study/bedroom and bathroom upstairs. The front facade is adjusted, but its previously adapted form is too useful to be restored to match the group of neighbouring terraces. The soffit of the downstairs room is painted rafters, some original, some replaced in the battle against the once-resident termites. This timber ceiling treatment is repeated in the new parts of the house.

The ground-floor space is reimagined as one long volume from the front to the back boundary. The middle of the house defines the shifting point, in which the previously discreet hand of the architect becomes firmer. A fine white-painted steel stair stringer crosses the long space, and one step up onto a new Tasmanian oak floor marks the start of the new part of the house. The tall volume of the stair void bifurcates the sequence of downstairs rooms and daylight streams down into this midpoint of the home.

Daylight streams down from the new part of the house to the old through a centrally located white steel staircase.

Daylight streams down from the new part of the house to the old through a centrally located white steel staircase.

Image: Tom Ferguson

The stair, running perpendicular to the long space, is the widest of the new interventions on the ground floor. The veneer used beside the stair clads a small guest bathroom, and the same material covers a range of ever-diminishing volumes that form the kitchen. The all-weather benchtop (also used for some stair treads) extends out through the rear doors to the end of the short courtyard. The kitchen bifold doors tuck into a concealed slot in the cabinetry when closed.

The courtyard is simple and includes a timber bench seat below a faceted white-tiled rear courtyard wall. This rear wall faces west, and sunlight touching the mosaics brilliantly refracts and distributes light into the kitchen.

Upstairs, the old part of the house has a new bathroom and laundry, and a volume in the roof space has been added for storage. This is daylit and ventilated through glass panels at the top of the stairwell. The new rear bedroom is almost monastic in character, and opens to an enclosed upper terrace as large as the bedroom. From this generous outdoor space, one can look onto the surprisingly private brick walls of the neighbouring buildings, or down onto the lower courtyard. Again, big bifold doors make the transition between inside and outside negligible.

The new rear upstairs bedroom opens to an enclosed terrace, effectively doubling the size of the bedroom.

The new rear upstairs bedroom opens to an enclosed terrace, effectively doubling the size of the bedroom.

Image: Tom Ferguson

The refurbishment shows the disciplined hand of the architect, and this is evident in the photos. Except for the finesse of the rear courtyard tiles, and the rich black-and-white encaustic tiles in the downstairs bathroom, the palette of materials is very restrained and calm. But the effusive enthusiasm of the client’s possessions add a layer (in real life) that makes sense of the monastic architectural response. The client, Tunisian by birth, collects objects that are unified by a delicacy of texture and a richness of colour. He loves plant life and the house is, in reality, quite full of objects, which he continues to rotate and change as he enjoys life in the space. It is as if the architects have handed him a stage set, to which he has added props and costumes.

This is a surprisingly light-filled house given the limited resources and orientation of the original building. It is an example of how an architect and client with a common enthusiasm can have quite different tastes. It is proof that one can find architectural hope and promise in the most modest of situations. This project is a reminder that constrained sites magnify the skill, or otherwise, of an architect.

Products and materials

Lysaght in Colorbond ‘Surf Mist’.
External walls
James Hardie HardieFlex sheets.
Internal walls
Boral plasterboard in Dulux ‘Natural White’.
Windows and doors
Alspec aluminium window frames and bifold doors; Dorma pivot doors.
Tongue n Groove Eterno floorboards.
Tracklights and LEDlux Kube and downlights, all from Beacon Lighting.
Dekton bench in ‘Zenith’; Franke Sirius undermount sink; Miele dishwasher; Fisher and Paykel fridge and induction cooker; Ariston oven and rangehood; oak joinery
Fienza Koko toilet suite; Caroma Sunstone basin; Mosaic del Sur patchwork tiles; Architectural Designer Products Integrity semi-recessed basin; Earp Bros Aston Caliza tiles.
Heating and cooling
Jetmaster Heat and Glo XLR Plus.
Smeg barbecue; Academy Tiles Terremoto wall tiles; Earp Bros Portland Acero tiles.


Benn and Penna Architects
Surry Hills, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Project Team
Andrew Benn, Sean Tran, Sebastian Tiong, David Brading
Builder Adon Projects
Engineer SDA Structures
Site Details
Site type Suburban
Site area 72 m2
Building area 90 m2
Project Details
Status Built
Design, documentation 6 months
Construction 8 months
Category Residential
Type Alts and adds, New houses



Published online: 14 Feb 2017
Words: Genevieve Lilley
Images: Tom Ferguson


Houses, October 2016

Related topics

More projects

See all
Imagined as a pure form in the landscape, the design for Bombala Farmhouse captures the minimalist aesthetic of modernist artworks. First House: Bombala Farmhouse

When a family friend bought a property in southern New South Wales, Penny Collins and Huw Turner, of Collins and Turner, jumped at the chance …

The hotel’s two-storey accommodation villas are positioned radially across the site, with chasms between them framing views of the mountains in one direction and the sea in the other. ‘Necessary and motivating’: The Tiing

On the north coast of Bali, a new hotel responds intuitively to its local context, with accommodation carefully angled to reflect the balance of Balinese …

The museum and a cultural park have been built in the Binhai New Area on land reclaimed from Bohai Bay over the past decade. Shells, sails and upturned hulls: National Maritime Museum of China

China’s first comprehensive maritime museum at once reflects contemporary globalism, the marine history of the local area and a profoundly Australian style of architecture rooted …

While the darkness of the roof cavity appears to extend space vertically, the living room at the back of the house creates a sense of depth. In praise of shadows: Terrace House near Demachiyanagi

Atelier Luke’s diminutive Japanese-Australian architectural hybrid reconstitutes the fabric of the original townhouse in a respectful yet compelling way, creating spaciousness as much through darkness …

Most read

Latest on site