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Home theatre: Waterloo Terrace

With a commitment to salvaging and reinterpreting materials, this terrace house has been reworked by David Mitchell Architects to create a light-filled home and studio that offers a “site-specific theatre performance.”

Michael Pollan’s book A Place of My Own: The Architecture of Daydreams is a favourite of mine. It’s a book about making a place for yourself – where the making is just as important, maybe even more important, than the end result. The author describes how he (and his various cohorts) navigate through the design and construction process, wallowing languidly in the details while looking forward to that day when he can walk over the threshold to enjoy his particularized space for evermore.

When architect David Mitchell bought a small single-storey semidetached home in Sydney’s inner-city suburb of Waterloo, he moved straight in. And then, over a period of six years, David and his partner Kat Wilson carefully planned out what they wanted to do with their home. One of the keys to unlocking their design solution for the terrace concerned light. In picking apart the program, David describes the project as “an experiment in how to bring more light into the middle of the building.” Shifting the traditional terrace house plan around to give living spaces direct access to the outside is a critical part of an effective terrace renewal, but how it’s done is crucial to making those spaces in the middle – the bathrooms, the stairs, the in-between spaces – work as key components of the home. Experimenting with northern skylights allowed David and Kat to let direct sunlight into living spaces where and when they wanted. Where natural light is required to illuminate those spaces in the middle, south-facing skylights allow a gentler light in. These different light sources create varied spatial qualities and allow the house to feel bigger than it actually is.

The studio, across the courtyard from the main house, can be closed off or visually separated with the use of operable privacy screens.

The studio, across the courtyard from the main house, can be closed off or visually separated with the use of operable privacy screens.

Image: Michael Nicholson

The luxury (if that is the right word) of being able to take time to work out a response, not just to the existing house and its site, but also to their own brief, enabled David and Kat to really explore a self-described “commitment to salvaging and reinterpreting the existing materials and using them throughout in unconventional ways.” Bricks, sandstone blocks, timber found on site and off, and even metal roof sheets and pipes were salvaged and reinterpreted as wall cladding, sculptural landscape elements and window and door finials. This works to transform what was a simple worker’s terrace into an immersive theatre of beautifully crafted spaces and elements.

It’s a bit like a site-specific theatre performance, where the audience is led around a building to happen upon a performance in each room, except here, the materials and the detail responses are the actors. Lovingly crafted doorhandles and joinery, exquisitely detailed doors (the front door has an ingenious series of hinged panels that can be cracked open slightly to allow a breeze through, without the need for installing the usual security door), split sandstone footings reinterpreted as fence posts and a front door chevron fin detail all offer up their own well-crafted argument for considering, retaining and reinterpreting the things we find around us.

The original house has been transformed into a light, vibrant, three-bedroom home with a separate studio building that could be used as a residence, working studio and/or garage/playspace. Using the natural fall of the site from front to back, the two-storey studio is set across a courtyard from the main house and fronts a laneway at the rear of the site. Operable privacy screens allow the studio to be opened up to, or visually separated from, the main house by adjusting the hinged metal panels.

The studio has been designed to serve as a separate residence, working studio and/or garage/playspace.

The studio has been designed to serve as a separate residence, working studio and/or garage/playspace.

Image: Michael Nicholson

The rear laneway is a hybrid of fences, garages and a few small houses that front the laneway directly. Consequently, the face of the studio needed to be part front elevation, part service lane frontage. An articulated wall framed in steel with pivoting copper and glass louvre infills can be partly operated to let light and air in when the studio is used as a living space, or it can work as a folding door should it be used as a garage. If only we could replace all the roller shutters in our back lanes with solutions like this – our laneways could become so much more than the service corridors many of them currently are.

After six years of thinking and designing, and three years of construction with the help of Kat’s son Jake and carpenter Sam Proud, a generous, lively, site-specific home has flourished. In the narration of one of their films, Charles and Ray Eames once said, “The details are not the details, they make the product.” This noble sentiment celebrates the role of attentive design and is a perfect summary of this inspired inner-city home.

Products and materials

Lysaght Custom Orb in Zincalume.
External walls
Existing sandstock brick; Boral concrete blocks, rendered; James Hardie fibre cement cladding, rendered; recycled roof sheets from original house.
Internal walls
Gyprock plasterboard in Dulux quarter-strength ‘Lexicon’; existing sandstock brick.
Windows and doors
Stegbar cedar window frames and bifold doors in Sikkens finish; existing double-hung window in Intergrain UltraClear Exterior finish; Hume Doors and Windows solid-core doors; custom louvred cedar and steel doors in Integrain UltraClear Exterior finish.
Brushbox tongue-and-groove floorboards; Carter Holt Harvey LVL bearers and joists; travertine from Artmar Natural Stone Warehouse.
Hive Poppy Hanging Lamp and Smith pendant from Project 82; Bramah pendant from Living Edge; Cement Wood pendant from Kezu.
Main house kitchen
Gaggenau gas cooktop and oven; Astra Walker tapware; Schweigen rangehood; Franke sink; Electrolux fridge; Briggs Veneers Tasmanian oak veneer to MDF joinery; off-form concrete bench.
Studio kitchen
Smeg electric cooktop and oven; Phoenix tapware in matt black; Franke sink; Fisher and Paykel rangehood.
Phoenix tapware in matt black and towel rails; Vivo toilet; Caroma bath; marble basin from Vietnam; Briggs Veneers Tasmanian oak veneer to joinery; off-form concrete bench.
External elements
Ironbark decking in Sikkens stain; Bowral dry-pressed paver; salvaged travertine.


David Mitchell Architects
Sydney, NSW, Australia
Project Team
David Mitchell, Kat Wilson, Richard Carr, Jake Wilson
Builder David Mitchell, Sam Proud
Engineer Cardno
Steel fabrication ACM Group (NSW)
Site details
Location Sydney,  NSW,  Australia
Site type Suburban
Site area 154 m2
Building area 200 m2
Category Residential buildings
Type Houses, Residential
Project Details
Status Built
Completion date 2015
Design, documentation 3 months
Construction 36 months



Published online: 18 Jan 2017
Words: David Welsh
Images: Michael Nicholson


Houses, October 2016

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